Sustainable Development Goal 13
Developing the introduction
Overall Aim of Sustainable Development Goal 13
Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impact
Today, the greatest challenges facing humanity are climate change and declining biodiversity. In recent years, we are all already feeling the effects of the gradually increasing average atmospheric temperature. Unfortunately, these trends are likely to intensify in the future.
Scientists are of the opinion that for this purpose we must stop the warming of the Earth below 1.5 ° C compared to the beginning of the industrial revolution. To this end, the harmful emissions responsible for the greenhouse effect must be halved by 2030.
Climate has always been subject to natural processes that have changed it. This is completely natural and is due to factors such as changes in sea currents, volcanic activity, the power of solar energy, natural disasters caused by hurricanes or earthquakes.
Ultimately, climate change is the result of long-term changes in weather conditions – from several decades to millions of years. When we talk about climate change for thousands or millions of years, the reason for the global warming or cooling of the planet is due to the changing orbit of the Sun. It moves according to the so-called Milankovic Cycles, which have historically caused ice ages and extremely hot global warming. What is unusual in our case, however, is that in a relatively short period of the last 150 years, the Earth’s climate has changed quite significantly. For this reason, it is very important to understand well why the causes of global warming have drastically accumulated so quickly.
Quite a few studies unequivocally prove that the global average temperature has risen sharply since the middle of the twentieth century. This phenomenon is called global warming and is caused by human activity. The main culprit is the carbon dioxide emitted, the result of burning fossil fuels such as oil or coal.
Human activities are the main causes of global warming of approximately one degree Celsius compared to the pre-industrialization era. Between 2030 and 2050, the rise is likely to increase to 1.5 ° C. For many, this value will intuitively not seem so scandalous, but research is clear that such global warming has very serious consequences.
Why is it important for educational community?
Systematized on knowledge for a decade in school age for properties and effects on different precedences on time from the point of view of light and lighting devices, recognizable from history to electric crush, a dozen and so will teach and evaluate the result from the development of civilization to the reality and comprehension.
• Expand on the horizon for the energy resources and culture on the energospestyavan, formiran on the skills for the energetic behavior of the environment, the student and the parents.
• The development of a student on curiosity, creativity, cognitive activity and ability to use knowledge, get used to different activities and behavior.
Key dimensions of Sustainable Development 13
Climate change is affecting every country on every continent.
• People are experiencing the significant impact of climate change, which includes changing climate patterns, rising sea levels and more extreme weather events. Greenhouse gas emissions from human activities are leading to climate change and continue to rise. Now they are at their highest level in history. Without action, the world’s average surface temperature is expected to rise in the 21st century and is likely to exceed 3 degrees Celsius this century – some parts of the world are expected to warm even more. The poorest and most vulnerable people are most affected.
• What is the purpose here?
• Take urgent action to combat climate change.
• Climate change is caused by human activity and threatens the way we live and the future of our planet. By tackling climate change, we can build a sustainable world for all. But we must act now.
• Are people’s lives really affected by climate change?
•Yes. Bad weather and rising sea levels are affecting people and their property in both developed and developing countries. From a small farmer in the Philippines to a businessman in London, climate change affects everyone, especially the poor and vulnerable, as well as marginalized groups such as women, children and the elderly.
If we ignore the problem of climate change, we will turn our backs on much of the progress that has been made. Problems such as food shortages and water shortages will also deepen, which in turn can lead to conflict.
• Can we solve this problem or is it too late to act?
• We can certainly address climate change, but our efforts need to increase significantly. The world needs to transform its energy, industry, transport, food, agriculture and forestry as systems to limit the rise in global temperature by a maximum of 2 degrees, maybe even 1.5. We also need to anticipate, adapt and create sustainable enterprises for the current and future impacts of climate change.
The interplay between Sustainable Development Goal 13 and the acquisition of 21st century skills
Affordable, scalable solutions are offered that allow countries to move towards cleaner and more sustainable economies. The pace of change is accelerating as more people focus on renewable energy and a number of other measures that will reduce emissions and increase adaptation efforts.
• Unfortunately, climate change is a global challenge that does not respect national borders. Emissions affect people everywhere. This is an issue that requires solutions that need to be coordinated at international level, and requires international cooperation to help developing countries move towards a low-carbon economy.