Sustainable Development Goal 1
Developing the introduction
Overall Aim of Sustainable Development Goal 1- No poverty
Sustainable Development Goal 1 No poverty, is one of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals established by the United Nations in 2015.
The first Sustainable Development Goal aims to “End poverty in all its forms everywhere”. Its seven associated targets aims, among others, to eradicate extreme poverty for all people everywhere, reduce at least by half the proportion of men, women and children of all ages living in poverty, and implement nationally appropriate social protection systems and measures for all, including floors, and by 2030 achieve substantial coverage of the poor and the vulnerable.
Goal 1 has following targets:
1.1 By 2030, eradicate extreme poverty for all people everywhere, currently measured as people living on less than $1.25 a day
1.2 By 2030, reduce at least by half the proportion of men, women and children of all ages living in poverty in all its dimensions according to national definitions
1.3 Implement nationally appropriate social protection systems and measures for all, including floors, and by 2030 achieve substantial coverage of the poor and the vulnerable
1.4 By 2030, ensure that all men and women, in particular the poor and the vulnerable, have equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to basic services, ownership and control over land and other forms of property, inheritance, natural resources, appropriate new technology and financial services, including microfinance
1.5 By 2030, build the resilience of the poor and those in vulnerable situations and reduce their exposure and vulnerability to climate-related extreme events and other economic, social and environmental shocks and disasters
1.A Ensure significant mobilization of resources from a variety of sources, including through enhanced development cooperation, in order to provide adequate and predictable means for developing countries, in particular least developed countries, to implement programmes and policies to end poverty in all its dimensions 1.B Create sound policy frameworks at the national, regional and international levels, based on pro-poor and gender-sensitive development strategies, to support accelerated investment in poverty eradication actions.
Why is it important for educational community?
The academic and education community have a major role in increasing the awareness about the impact of poverty. Science provides the foundation for new and sustainable approaches, solutions and technologies to tackle the challenges of reducing poverty and achieving sustainable development. The contribution of science to end poverty has been significant. For example, it has enabled access to safe drinking water, reduced deaths caused by water-borne diseases, and improved hygiene to reduce health risks related to unsafe drinking water and lack of sanitation.
As human beings, our wellbeing is linked to each other. Growing inequality is detrimental to economic growth and undermines social cohesion, increasing political and social tensions and, in some circumstances, driving instability and conflicts.
Key dimensions of Sustainable Development 2 Zero Poverty
Poverty is not just not having an income that will provide us with a secure daily life. Poverty includes hunger and malnutrition, inaccessibility or limited access to education, homelessness, poor and inadequate housing conditions, poor health, increased mortality, social discrimination and isolation, and reduced participation in decision-making.
Although poverty is as old as humanity, its image and boundaries are constantly changing. It is present in all societies, although in more developed societies the number of poor citizens is smaller than in underdeveloped parts of the world, where citizens face it even in its extreme forms.
More than 10% of the world’s population lives in extreme poverty. Extreme poverty means you can’t afford drinking water, at least one meal a day, clothes, shoes and a very likely place to live. The extreme poverty line is determined by the amount set by the World Bank in 2018 and amounts to 1.90 US dollars per person per day (less than 13 kn).
At that time, 8% of employees in the world lived in extreme poverty.
Poverty eradication is the first goal of sustainable development, one of the most challenging goals of sustainable development. United Nations member states are committed to ending all forms and dimensions of poverty, including extreme poverty, by the end of 2030. This challenging goal was further burdened by the global crisis of the Covid-19 pandemic and the economic downturn caused by the pandemic. The Covid-19 pandemic has pushed millions of employed people into unemployment and poverty. Even before the start of the global Pavid-19 pandemic, assumptions were made that despite efforts to achieve the first goal of sustainable development, 6% of the world’s population in 2030. continue to live in extreme poverty, which means that the goal will not be achieved.
The interplay between Sustainable Development Goal 2 Zero Poverty and the acquisition of 21st century skills
1st Century skills are 12 abilities that today’s students need to succeed in their careers during the Information Age.
The twelve 21st Century skills are:
- Critical thinking
- Information literacy
- Media literacy
- Technology literacy
- Social skills
These skills are intended to help students keep up with the lightning-pace of today’s modern markets. Each skill is unique in how it helps students, but they all have one quality in common. They’re essential in the age of the Internet.