Sustainable Development Goal 15. Life on Land
SDG 15: Preservation, restoration and promotion of sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainable forest management, combating desertification, halting and reversing land degradation and halting biodiversity loss
Sustainable Development Goal 15 (SDG 15 or Overall Goal 15) is for "Life on Land". One of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals set by the United Nations in 2015, the official wording is: "Protecting, restoring and promoting sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainable forest management, combating desertification, and halting and reversing degradation and halting land biodiversity loss. "The target has 12 sub-targets to be achieved by 2030. Progress towards targets is measured by 14 indicators.
15.1 Ensure the protection, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in accordance with the obligations arising from international agreements.
15.2 Promote the implementation of sustainable management of all types of forests, stop deforestation and restore damaged forests, and significantly increase afforestation and reforestation worldwide.
15.3 Combating desertification, restoring degraded lands and soils, including those affected by desertification, drought and floods, and striving for a world free of land degradation.
15.4 Ensure the protection of mountain ecosystems, including their biodiversity, with a view to strengthening their capacity to deliver essential benefits for sustainable development.
15.5 Take urgent and substantial action to reduce the degradation of natural habitats, halt the loss of biodiversity, protect and prevent the extinction of endangered species.
15.6 Promoting fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources and promoting appropriate access to such resources.
15.7 Take urgent action to eradicate poaching and illegal trafficking in protected animal and plant species and to address the demand for and supply of illegal wildlife products.
15.8 Measures to prevent the introduction and significant mitigation of the negative impacts of invasive non-native species in terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, and to control or destroy those species.
15.9 Integrating biodiversity values and ecosystems into national and local planning, development processes, poverty reduction strategies and reporting.
15.a Mobilize and significantly increase funding from all sources dedicated to the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and ecosystems.
15.b Mobilize significant resources from all sources and at all levels to finance sustainable forest management and provide sufficient incentives for developing countries to develop sustainable management, including forest protection and reforestation.
15.c Strengthen global support for efforts to combat poaching and trafficking in protected species, including by increasing the capacity of local communities to find opportunities for sustainable livelihoods.