Sustainable Development Goal 12. Responsible Consumption and Production
Responsible consumption and production
Worldwide consumption and production rest on the use of the natural environment and resources in a way that continues to have destructive impacts on the planet. Economic and social progress over the last century has been accompanied by environmental degradation that is endangering the very systems on which our future development depends.
Sustainable Development Goal 12 (SDG 12 or Global Goal 12), titled “responsible consumption and production”, is one of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals established by the United Nations in 2015. The official wording of SDG 12 is “Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns”.
SDG 12 is meant to ensure good use of resources, improving energy efficiency, sustainable infrastructure, and providing access to basic services, green and decent jobs and ensuring a better quality of life for all.
SDG 12 has 11 targets to be achieved by at least 2030 and progress toward the targets is measured using 13 indicators:
12.1 Implement the 10-year framework of programmes on sustainable consumption and production, all countries taking action, with developed countries taking the lead, taking into account the development and capabilities of developing countries.
12.2 By 2030, achieve the sustainable management and efficient use of natural resources.
12.3 By 2030, halve per capita global food waste at the retail and consumer levels and reduce food losses along production and supply chains, including post-harvest losses.
12.4 By 2020, achieve the environmentally sound management of chemicals and all wastes throughout their life cycle, in accordance with agreed international frameworks, and significantly reduce their release to air, water and soil in order to minimize their adverse impacts on human health and the environment.
12.5 By 2030, substantially reduce waste generation through prevention, reduction, recycling and reuse.
12.6 Encourage companies, especially large and transnational companies, to adopt sustainable practices and to integrate sustainability information into their reporting cycle.
12.7 Promote public procurement practices that are sustainable, in accordance with national policies and priorities.
12.8 By 2030, ensure that people everywhere have the relevant information and awareness for sustainable development and lifestyles in harmony with nature.
12.A Support developing countries to strengthen their scientific and technological capacity to move towards more sustainable patterns of consumption and production.
12.B Develop and implement tools to monitor sustainable development impacts for sustainable tourism that creates jobs and promotes local culture and products.
12.C Rationalize inefficient fossil-fuel subsidies that encourage wasteful consumption by removing market distortions, in accordance with national circumstances, including by restructuring taxation and phasing out those harmful subsidies, where they exist, to reflect their environmental impacts, taking fully into account the specific needs and conditions of developing countries and minimizing the possible adverse impacts on their development in a manner that protects the poor and the affected communities.
- United Nations (2017) Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 6 July 2017Work of the Statistical Commission pertaining to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, https://undocs.org/Home/Mobile?FinalSymbol=A%2FRES%2F71%2F313&Language=E&DeviceType=Mobile&LangRequested=False
- “Sustainable Consumption and Production: A Crucial Goal for Sustainable Development—Reflections on the Spanish SDG Implementation Report“, Journal of Sustainability Research. 1 (2). 2019, https://sustainability.hapres.com/htmls/JSR_1120_Detail.html
- Environment, U. N. (2017-10-02). “GOAL 12: Sustainable consumption and production”. UNEP – UN Environment Programme. Retrieved 2020-09-05, https://www.unep.org/explore-topics/sustainable-development-goals/why-do-sustainable-development-goals-matter/goal-12
- Thyberg, Krista L.; Tonjes, David J. (January 2016). “Drivers of food waste and their implications for sustainable policy development”. Resources, Conservation and Recycling. 106: 110–123, https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0921344915301439?via%3Dihub
- Industrial Ecology in Support of Sustainable Development Goals (2022) Part of the Encyclopedia of the UN Sustainable Development Goals book series (ENUNSDG), Usama Awan, https://link.springer.com/referenceworkentry/10.1007/978-3-319-95726-5_18
- “Advancing the 2030 Agenda: Interlinkages and Common Themes at the HLPF 2018” (PDF). UN Sustainable Development. P. 30. Retrieved 15 September 2020.
On these links you can find more information about SDG 12: